How to create a led suit

discussions regarding the construction of the led suit.
you can also show off your LED costume here.
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Magic Friend
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Joined: 09 Sep 2018, 18:05

How to create a led suit

Post by Magic Friend » 30 May 2019, 18:39

What is necessary to create a LED suit?
I this topic I will try to briefly and concisely explain all that needs.

1 - I will start of course with the basic elements.

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1.1 - digital led strip (pixel tape, smart tape, flash module). At the time of writing this topic, relevant and winning in terms of price quality are chips: WS2812, WS2812B, WS2813.

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1.2 - Batteries. Rationally choose a massive li-ion batteries 3.7 V 18650 battery or 25560 batteries with high current output(25-50 A) . Although for pixel led strip need a voltage of +5V, the range from +3.0 to 4.2 V is quite acceptable, which corresponds to the operating voltage range for the 3.7 V li-ion battery.

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1.3 - battery holders 18650 or 26650.

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1.4 - short circuit and overload protection.
Suitable for any mass fuses for circuits autoelectrics, 10, 25, 40 and 50A.
The current is calculated based on the consumption of elements of the suit. It is advisable to use several fuses.

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IMPORTANT!!!

Do not use high-current batteries without short-circuit protection!!! In case of short circuit, polarity reversal of parallel connected batteries, overload, etc. the battery may catch fire, explode and cause a lot of trouble, including people may suffer.

1.5 - smart pixel controller ("brains").

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SD controller iqLed RF v1.2 and iqLED RF 1.4 serve as an excellent basis for controlling the pixel suit and working in a group.
Capable of managing up to 2048 pixels at a good and stable image refresh rate (30 fps).
Structurally, the controller is iqLED RF v1.4 is a compact and lightweight circuit Board that can be integrated into the suit element. iqLED RF v1.2 is a complete device in housing with screw terminal block for wires.
Firmware controllers are identical. The controllers read the content from the SD card and synchronize with each other on the radio at a frequency of 433MHz. Controllers iqLED RF v1.4 and iqLED RF 1.2 are able to work together.
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By using a dual port, iqLED RF controllers easily control a large number of LED pixels.

1.6 - copper wires and connectors.

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You can choose a soft multi-strand silicone wire AWG. Such wires can withstand both low temperature -60C and high to +200C.
The required wire diameter must be selected according to the table depending on the current value.
As connectors dad-mom costume elements can be used power connector PATA-devices (Molex 8981).
There are three set contact sizes: 1.57 mm (0.062"), 2.36 mm (0.093"), and 2.13 mm (0.084").
The 1.57 mm contact can provide a current load of up to 5 amperes; the 2.36 mm can supply up to 8.5 amperes.
When feeding large elements with currents >20A, several connectors should be used to evenly distribute the load.

1.7 materials for the manufacture of costume uses a variety.
As a basis construction clothes, special clothes (the motorcyclist for example), design clothes and footwear to which on a rigid basis pixel elements (LEDs) fasten can be used.

In the figure below
AGVSPORT BODY PROTECTION (TURTLE) WOMEN'S, MULTIFUNCTION, BLACK

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In the figure below
Multifunctional turtle-transformer AGVSPORT consists of four elements: vest (turtle itself), back protection, lumbar belt and sleeves. Each of the elements of the turtle-transformer is made using thermoplastic polyurethane, resistant to shock, soft cushioning lining and ventilation mesh.

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Each person chooses a platform for mounting LEDs based on their task. It can be abs plastic, or polyethylene terephthalate, organic glass, aluminum, etc.

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Of course, these materials will have to be processed for your led suit project. Each element is usually unique, requires a clear fit for the artist who will work in the suit. At single production all elements can be made hands using a file, a hacksaw, a jigsaw and a soldering iron with pliers. Mass production will require the use of CNC machines, laser cutters and 3D printers to print unique elements of the suit.

1.8 - soldering equipment
SOLDERING STATION KADA 852D+ (HAIRDRYER + SOLDERING IRON, 3 TIPS, 2 DIGITAL DISPLAY)

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Digital indication of the actual temperature of the hot air flow and soldering iron tip will achieve the lowest error during operation.The indicator of the state of the heating element of the hair dryer is created for additional convenience when working (lit constantly - there is heating; flashing - operating mode, the equipment is ready for use; not lit - heating is turned off, the hair dryer cools).
A wide range of operating temperatures will allow to use this device in a variety of conditions.
The station is equipped with four replaceable nozzles of different diameters for the hair dryer, which ensures the versatility of this equipment.
The ceramic heating element of the soldering iron avoids the damage of electronic components by the voltage that could be formed on the tip when using a conventional (metal) heating element.

1.9 SMD Soldering paste
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Solder paste - is a mechanical mixture of solder powder, binder (or lubricant), flux, and some other components.

Solder pastes are widely used in the electronics industry for mounting planar (SMD) components on the printed circuit Board.

1.10 LEDs to repair (WS2813)
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2 Software
2.1 - basic Light Studio Terminal 1.xx. Converts the video animation to a readable format by the controller that controls the pixel tape.

2.2 - basic iqLED tracer 1.xx. As part of the software LS Terminal, is used to build a map of the pixel suit.
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Download the latest version "LS Terminal + iqLED tracer:
viewtopic.php?f=26&t=87



2.3 Additional software, selected on the "taste", depending on the experience and preferences of the user:
Jinx! - AT the initial level, very fast to learn (1-2 hours). Allows you to create simple (and not very) video animations, running lines, etc.
website: http://www.live-leds.de

Adobe After Effects is a professional video effects and animation software.
website: https://www.adobe.com/products/aftereffects.html

Adobe Animate (formerly Adobe Flash Professional, Macromedia Flash and FutureSplash Animator) is a program for creating multimedia and computer animation.
website: https://www.adobe.com/ru/products/animate.html

Sony Vegas Pro is a professional video editing software.
website: https://sony-vegas-pro.softok.info

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